Erdogan has met Putin and ironed out the partition of northeastern Syria. He gets to keep everything he conquered and the rest stays with Assad. YPG retreats from a 30km strip along the border, leaving the bulk of Kurdish-populated areas. Russo-Turkish patrols guard the safe zone. The deal shows two things: By inviting Assad the SDF have completely relinquished their sovereignty. This was why they were so relutanct to receive aid during Olive Branch. As long as Erdogan maintains good relations with Assad and Putin, YPG will no longer bother him. If, however, relations sour then he can even expect a repeat of the 90s, when Hafez sheltered Ocalan and allowed PKK to use Syria as its base of operations. The deal was discussed with Putin, not Assad. It's also clear who calls the shots.
For locals conquered by Peace Spring, the problem is not Turkey itself but its Syrian rebel puppets, who are thugs and mistreat the population, as has already been the case in Afrin. For the war as a whole, peace is now closer. Once Idlib is sorted out, a simple deal with Turkey can grant Assad the whole country except for al-Tanf.
>>40684 Apparently the Russian Foreign Intelligence Service straight-up confirmed that there are both Kurdish and Syrian fighters in the area, so it seems both sides are using external help. The Kurdish militants I can swallow a bit easier because Armenia has had friendly relations with groups like PKK for years, while I have no idea why Azerbaijan would permit Sunni jihadists to come to the frontline. They'd sooner shoot their Shi'a comrades than Armenians and according to Armenian claims, there are already cases of them refusing to fight. But, it is what it is.
>>40689 I don't think it's exactly lose-lose. If Armenia loses NK, Pashinyan gets the boot and likely another pro-Russian puppet gets installed in government, which means Russia regains their influence over Armenia. Their relationship with Azerbaijan remains the same. The only wildcard is Turkey. Their relationship with Azerbaijan could possibly get much stronger, so Russia will need to watch that. That's why I think Putin is pushing for peacekeepers now. He knows the stalemate that's been going on in Karabakh for 20 years is likely gone now, so he needs to find another way to play a balancing act in the region.
>>40699 >I have no idea why Azerbaijan would permit Sunni jihadists to come to the frontline A lot of the TFSA are Syrian Turkmen, they're fighting for ethnic reasons. But more importantly the ones who've volunteered to go abroad are mercenaries, they're doing it for the money.
Luttwak ofc writes about the foreign reactions triggered by the coup: one particular problem, however, requires further exploration: recognition by foreign powers. And parts of these insights feels as if they were moulded after Mali. for the poorest countries whose pays réel lies outside their own borders, it will be a crucial problem - Mali as one of the most pisspoor part of Franceafrique, heavily dependent on France. When much of the available disposable funds come from foreign aid both official and via non-governmental organizations [...] the maintenance of good relations with the particular donor country [...] may well be a determining factor in our political survival after the coup. - for Mali - as one of the most poorest country on Earth, where economic development is almost nonexistent, and large part of the country is a warzone for 8 years now - foreign aid is crucial, as soon as the news of the coup got out, the African Union for example announced embargo. But more than that, foreign troops are present in the form of not one, but three international military/peacekeeping missions, they are ever present, and they influence the life of the country on daily basis. Premature recognition by a foreign power, i.e., recognition granted while the old regime still retains some degree of control, is becoming regarded as a form of aggression in international law. - The coup of 2020 was done very quick and without incidents, unlike the 2012 one. Still no foreign powers went ahead and recognized the junta, not even Russia or Turkey. Beyond that, however, recognition is usually granted even to very illegitimate governments after a polite interval if there are convincing assurances about their continuity in terms of foreign relations. These assurances are conveyed simply and publicly by formal announcements stating that membership in alliances and groupings will be maintained, that foreign agreements and obligations will be respected, and that legitimate foreign interests in the country concerned will - The whole coup was about just putting aside the leadership and giving a way to a new civilian government who would change the inner policies (initiating economic growth, shutting down corruption etc), but honor foreign treaties. Foreign powers, and organizations like UN or African Union demanded adhering to constitutionality, and the Junta in their declarations and press releases weren't slow to promise the announcement of new elections asap. The whole coup in Mali very much went down in a way to please everyone who has any power over Mali.
The previous thread is at 499 posts, on the brink of autosage. So I open up a new one, because I have a thing to discuss as well with Bernd. But first thing first.
Finally I wanna watch these in their entirety, a series of Japanese films from the 70s The Yakuza Papers or Battles Without Honor And Humanity - which is also the title of the very first one. I think the first five (what I'm planning on consuming) cover one full story, based on an OG yak's memoirs, published in a newspaper first. Then they made another three in the 70s, all standalone, and three more, two of them in this millennia. They are in a certain subgenre of yakuza movies, which were fresh breeze at that time with their more realistic narrative and breakup with the "honorable samurai" romanticism of the previous era. They are also filmed in a documentary style, with handheld shaky cameras, and sometimes they even timestamp certain events as the movie plays - as far as I can tell based on the first one which I seen (but will rewatch).
>>40630 The lack of PoCs in that show is very problematic. They represent the LGBMWQT community with a couple of roles but it just not the same. The situation is raising concerns, hopefully they will mend this shortcoming in future seasons.
Played some moar Atom RPG. I don't really have any coherent text drafted but some impressions, moments and such.
This game is depressing. It's like they extracted all the misery of the Soviet Union, ground it, added a hint mutants and monsters, then crammed it into one misery-sausage. Ofc there are funny lines and situations in there, always when you least expect. And you never expect them because the whole thing is so depressing. NPC interactions are animated nicely. Heart warming meeting of father and daughter. Then they started to gossip about me.
>>40652 That being said, the game is pretty tedious and apologetically hard sometimes. Think NES game or Contra arcade level hard. You will need a manual or guide for this game. Although one is available if you have it from the PSN store.
This game was created by designers from the now defunct videogame company "Love-de-Lic", who created an extremely underrated game called "Moon Remix RPG adventure. They were also had employees who made the games Chibi Robo and Little King's story There's a really interesting story behind the game that I will write about when I get the chance. And Moon Remix also deserves a thorough analysis with it.
>>40654 >You will need a manual or guide for this game. Although one is available if you have it from the PSN store. In Japanese... I've no idea in what language but sounded good to add to the challenge the player faces.
Today we celebrate and glorify Pedro II's overthrow in a military coup 129 years ago, marking our transformation into a banana republic. The strongman who led the coup is even in every 25 cent coin. As typical, Temer spoke about the virtues and strength of liberal democracy even though the Braganza were more liberally democratic than the following regimes.
The Northeast was an area the size of Mongolia with 24 million people. It was agrarian and undergoing intense social strife, with a number of property invasions. The communist-tied "Peasant Leagues" were famous. Recife, largest city and "capital", housed Miguel Arraes, leftist governor of Pernambuco and a potential presidential candidate. The other leading figure in Recife was general Justino, commander of the IVth Army. During WWII this area had a global strategic relevance due to its position in the Atlantic, housing an USAF presence and the newly-created 7th and 14th Infantry Divisions. Afterwards it returned to its backwater condition. The 14th division was gone and the newly-organized Army was the weakest of the four. It did not have enough trucks to operate south of its area. For Justino, part of the conspiracy, his role was thus local, to crush the "internal enemy" - Arraes, the Peasant Leagues, the communists - who were expected to pose strong and violent resistance. Arraes' position was impossible. He had some 4 thousand policemen against Justino's 20 thousand soldiers. The Army was hostile, and in the past year had moved troops to prevent leftist demonstrators from converging from the hinterland to the capital, notably putting an intimidating armed presence right in front of the state palace. What was Goulart's reaction? Approval. Arraes could be his rival within the left and thus the federal government intimidated him through the IVth Army and sided with Pernambuco's conservatives. The state government's only strength was in the political field.
Arraes did not attempt any resistance. He knew he was outgunned, but even if he weren't, he'd only fight if he had any odds of success on the national level. Likewise the communists saw the balance of power and retreated underground, few of them getting arrested.
Upon the outbreak of the coup Justino remained neutral, but at night on the 31st he already had forces moving through the hinterland as part of his battle plan. At 23:00 the 15th Infantry Regiment was already in Goiana, entering Pernambuco. Both the battle plan and a hit list of arrests were ready days earlier. The IVth Army's silence and its prohibition of demonstrations were signs of which side it favored. At dawn on the 1st of April Goulart phoned Justino, said he had the other three armies under his control (a lie) and asked of his. Justino replied it was "well, in rigorous readiness, President". His officers, overhearing the conversation, almost laughed. At 09:00 the IVth Army made its stance public, backed by the 3rd Naval District and 2nd Air Zone. The Naval District's position was a surprise to Arraes, who expected it to be legalist. In the ranks there was no legalist reaction of note. It was a one-sided military sweep against civilian resistance.
The IVth Army's interventions in the hinterland seem like a random list of cities, but as explained in the Oral History, they were chiefly an invasion of Pernambuco from north and south, where the situation was under control; the governor of Alagoas was part of the coup and that of Paraíba folded under pressure and his police was employed. It was expected thar Arraes would try to move forces through the state and thus the roads were taken over. Meanwhile the capital's garrison moved against Arraes himself.
Peasant Leagues and others made a handful of insurrections, one weaker than the other. The greatest was in Vitória, where they occupied the town hall, media and rail station. The other locations were Caruru and Rio Tinto, the latter quelled by the police. On the 2nd the leftist mayor of Propiá was seen with an armed crowd but arrested by the 28th Caçadores. And in southern Pernambuco there wasn't even an attempt: armed peasants could be seen in the roads but Gregório Bezerra, leading communist peasant leader, told them not to try. They wouldn't receive weapons from the state government, as expected. The 20th Caçadores left troops in the latifundia on their side of the border and then took part on the manhunt against Bezerra.
The 15th Infantry headed to Recife, where the IVth Army controlled all access and had an overwhelming presence. The 2nd Police Battalion defected. In the morning the 14th Infantry, 1st/7th Howitzer, 7th Army Police Company and a mech recon squadron besieged Arraes in his palace. The infantry was the left flank and the howitzers (who'd been rigorously trained for internal conflict months in advance) the middle. The 3rd Naval District was to be the right flank but didn't show up. The palace had a company or battalion of guards with MG nests. Justino didn't want bloodshed and first attempted diplomacy. Arraes stalled. At 13:30 a platoon of the 1st/7th Howitzer rushed to the palace. The policemen were ordered to give their guard posts to the Army and obeyed. By at most 16:00 Arraes had been removed. His police commander, Colonel Trench, entrenched himself in the HQ, but four light tanks made the defenders immediately rout and at 14:30 the HQ was captured.
Seixas Dória, governor of Sergipe, met the same fate. Rio Grande do Norte's governor sided with Justino while the mayor of Natal had to be overthrown. Other governors, by their poverty and dependence on the federal government, made declarations favorable to it but changed their stance under military pressure: those of Bahia and Piauí. The latter, before the declaration, had to concede to his police being spread through the capital as part of the security plan; little did he know the 25th Caçadores thus had a company ready to take the police HQ and another his palace, which wasn't necessary. Bahia's later thrived under the new regime.
General Justino thus became the most powerful man in the Northeast.
This is something that isn't logical to me. From what i've read, the ottomans was a bunch of nomads invading anatolia, tamerlane defeated them soundly, they managed to take Constantinople and then became the big threat to christianity. How did they do it? How could they raise so much men, hundreds of thousands, time and time again?
>>40695 Islamic Golden Age was literally just the leftovers of the scientific thought of the empires and kingdoms that Islam conquered. Once all the great thinkers and institutions of those years died, the age ended because it could not produce great thinkers of its own.
The thing about Islam is that it is a religion that demands absolute conviction. You cannot half-ass it like Christianity because it doesn't leave much room for alternate interpretation. Even the verses extolling the virtues of knowledge are offset by the "nothing can go against the word of God" ones.
I tried to see what other problems lead to Islamic countries inevitably being somewhat backwards than their contemporaries but they are all negligible or stem from Islam in the first place. Ultimately, I think there are fundamental flaws in their philosophy that cannot be surmounted.
>>>40695 Islamic Golden Age was literally just the leftovers of the scientific thought of the empires and kingdoms that Islam conquered Can be said about any empire, regardless what you say is wrong.
> Once all the great thinkers and institutions of those years died, the age ended because it could not produce great thinkers of its own. It died because of Turco-mongols and reqonquista.
>The thing about Islam is that it is a religion that demands absolute conviction Correct, same case about christianity and judaism if you read their holy book. That is the reason why religious people cant into free think and science because at best they have to intepret old knowledge according to their beliefs, see neo platonism in dark ages. Even today there are islamic scholars doing that, needless to say such behaviour never improves only hinders the science and free thinking, since when you criticise their intepretation you also criticise religion.. I assume you acknowledge where this is going. Only people who dont take their religion unliterally really created milestones.
If you think great islamic thinkers were more islamic than they were thinkerers you are dead wrong. Entire Mutalize thought revolved around rationalism how islamic law cannot handle vast empire anymore. So in a sense Islam was not naturally secularized in long process rather there was entire alternative form of Islam which dead nowadays. It's not hard to assume none of the people are convicted believers, either identify as muslims for safety or they were part of "not true islam" gang.
> You cannot half-ass it like Christianity Hundred years of dark ages happened, if you lived around tht time you wouldnt able to say it. Yet zealots who perished the antique greco-roman heritage lost influence and newly mobilised secular classes gained power and so christianity changed. Hypathia and so many others got purged and killed for this reason, for feeble minded take their slave cult too seriously.
>I tried to see what other problems lead to Islamic countries inevitably being somewhat backwards than their contemporaries
>>40353 >which led to the universities, which led to scientific thought. Scientific thought was already established in antiquity by ancient greeks as they are the first one in the world how world come to existence and such with non religious explanation. That's how natural sciences occurred and medieval universities until rennessaince was mostly about theology which does not uses scientific methods at all.
So supposed universities leading scientific thought is simply wrong. Such theological "universities" also existed in islamic era not to mention there were secularized "madrasas" with all about science and philosophy and religion was kept at minimum. House of wisdom is older than oldest universit in europe and mind you those universities and modern ones one thing in common, it's the name itself.
A year passed and again this day commemorates the foundation of Hungary, this is 1018th birthday. We celebrate this national holiday with listening to politicians mixing irrelevant daily politics into historical events in the morning and watching fireworks in the evening. Budapesterners can witness the procession of state founder Saint Stephen's Holy Dexter. Also all the local communities have their own little celebrations. This is the third time I make this thread, and I won't post much, maybe I'll post something about what happened today - if anything interesting - later.
National holiday, yay. Due to the elsewhere mentioned busyness I couldn't prepare anything. But I still want to commemorate it at least for a post, gonna see if I can scrape something together which can't be just read on Wikipee.
One thing that rarely gets mentioned in relation to the revolution of '56 is the Warsaw Pact and Hungary's place in the organization. In 53 with Stalin's death and Khrushchev emergence meant some changing - in tiny steps - in Soviet politics, and their lackeys in Hungary had to practice self-criticism. In place of the Stalinist dictator, Rákosi Mátyás, Nagy Imre was placed who changed focus from the forced industrialization to the immediate needs of the population. But a year later with the threat of rearmament of Western Germany and her integration into the NATO the reigns - held in Moscow - tightened again, and now Nagy found himself as a target that he let the country onto the road of dangerous rightist deviations, instead of preserving the peace with the enhancement of armament production. There was the question of Austria and her becoming neutral in the near future, when Red Army units have to leave the country. The ones stationed here were here because they had to secure the supply lines to the ones in Austria. If those leave, "ours" will lose the reason why they are here. It will be so nice to finally not be occupied. But in late '54 Moscow gently nudged Czechoslovakia and us, to initiate a conference to discuss the matter of the safety of the Eastern Block, where the matter of setting up a new defense treaty can be discussed. After about half a year of preparation the Warsaw Pact was set up finally. By that time Nagy was out of office, and Rákosi was back in. Forced armament was restarted - they agreed on setting up an army in the size of 470 000 soldiers -, and after the leaders of country and the Hungarian People's Army expressed their fears that Hungary is defenceless without the protection of the great Red Army, an Air Army (actually one air division) and a mechanized infantry division from Austria was settled beside the already present mech. inf. division. Our role in the Warsaw Pact wasn't that big, but might have been strategically important(-ish). First we had to establish an airbase for Soviet bombers which could target objectives in Southern Germany, Italy and Africa from there. During a war games they also simulated an offensive in the direction of Zagreb, Ljubljana and Trieste, which suggests our troops would have participated opening up a way to the Adria and toward Italy (at least in the plans of '55, later probably everything changed). I have to interject here and note that during another joint army exercise the imagined situation was that the westerners would start with the aggression, using nuclear and chemical weapons as well, and the forces of the Eastern Block would disarm the attack and response with a counterattack, also with nuclear and chemical weapons beside the conventional ones. The containment of the entering enemy would happened in operational depth (not at the front), then would came the encirclement and their destruction. But by the second half of '56, winds changed again, a thaw came in international politics, talks started between the US and the SU, armament and the army became less important again - the number of enlisted was determined in 115 000 men. Was that a promise of freedom again? Maybe. People could interpret it as such. But the reality was the Soviet Union couldn't let out of the line (or - Marx's forbid! - leave) one of the members of her Warsaw Pact just one year after of its formation.
>>40701 We've three national holidays March 15, August 20, and October 23. We're celebrating all with mandatory day off and listening speeches about daily politics shoehorned onto these illustrious days. On August 20 we also enjoy fireworks, being the birthday of our country. March 15 and October 23 are bittersweet, since they were designated to celebrate revolutions, since they were successful, they signaled the beginnings of something great, our freedom, but they are tied to the independence wars which failed and led us back to our shackles (and scaffold). We don't do anything special beside (well there are official celebrations, see the speeches above), families themselves ofc enjoy the additional free time how they wish, for example relatives gathering together for some jamboree or whatever. Here cakes may be served, but no special type of cakes for the occasion.
The boiling meat burned itself I'm not happy of the results. Now the house smells like shit and the meat will be given to the dogs. Good thing is, when going to the meatshop to buy steaks (because the thing that was boiling got its water evaporated), my complete overboard thinking on the ruined meal allowed me to talk to a nice looking girl. But still, the meat is completely ruined. My mother was supposed to eat that. Talk here about ocurrances in your life, good, bad and memetic
>>40656 It won't. My new design is the simplest possible. Originally the frame consist of four legs, one board at the front, one at the back, two side boards, one horizontal board in the middle, and two slat rolls at the bottom screwed to the middle and the side boards. One of the side boards split along its whole length and the bottom half broken at the third. See picrel, red lines show the split and the break. What I'm going to do is taking apart the whole thing, clean the edges of the pieces of the broken side board, removing splits and splinters, then put the sideboards onto the floor flat like the middle board, nail the grills onto them and done. No legs or front or back boards. I could only break it if I'd step on the middle of the slat rolls. I could just throw the mattress onto the floor, but I'd rather have an air gap below.
And this shit broke because it isn't one piece of board, but it's smaller pieces of wood (some shitty pine ofc) glued together and thin wooden "wallpaper" glued around them as a cover. I should have just bought real boards and built a frame from scratch tbh.
>>40705 I didn't really had a choice. I bought a breddy gud mattress from the mid price range (which meant me going little out of way with the spending) with long warranty, after 12 years it's still fine no lumps (although I do flip it monthly as instructed) but had to settle with cheap frame as a compensation. >This would be extremely bad for your health and entire body He prefers his body like his meat: raw.
There was no Kohlzine on October because Casey was hidden. But now we are back, even more autistic than ever and featuring some illustrations by Russian bernd.
We are waiting for your OC and text (any content, really) submissions on our mail: firstname.lastname@example.org If KC doesn't die by then, lucky #13 will be our ANNIVERSARY issue, so expect lots of quality content(well it depends on your input too, kinda), KC posters, copypastas and more.
Just realized how massive my content is and thought about splitting it in two, this one is about Rio de Janeiro and outlying theaters, the other would be about the remaining theaters and some more questions. Still, my text draft alone is already large and then there's bibliography, maps, orders of battle and photographs.
>>20813 >i co z tego że ze służb? Jędrzejczak też był ze służb a mimo to można się było z nim kolegować. nawet zdradzał nam szczegóły służb np.lodówkę szkoda że się na nas obraził, grupa foxów atakowała go a on był sam
>nie wiem. nie wiadomo czy on to czyta, może on postuje te swoje linki automatem, na wielu stronach postuje też na martwych deskach np. /polska/
>tu mu pokasujemy albo mu wyjaśnimy czemu tak nie wolno xDDDDDDDDDDDDDD
>>40576 I'm scraping it from the internet. From what I can tell, books have the same information. For now I'm trying to make a summary how to go about identifying a mushroom, what steps to follow, while get to know mushrooms a little better. Maybe it could help others, but chiefly for my own benefit. This can't be used in itself for id ofc, at least a small book is needed with the exact description of the most common mushrooms of the area to compare the findings to something. And even a large book with lotsa info might not help in certain cases (and then that particular mushroom should be left alone). Depending on memory (and chances to practice) it may take a while to learn enough. Best to stick to a few species in the beginning, that shouldn't be hard.
Garden findings again. Raining all week and these started to cover a patch. They ain't big but numerous. The cap feels slimy, it left the mark on the paper towel. Now they stick to it. Can't really find that fits the description, many are similar however, quite a few not just inedible but poisonous. Tomorrow gonna try again.
What's missing from the list of identification traits (good chance with others) is the growth habit.What's missing from the list of identification traits (good chance with others) is the growth habit. Three types: - singles - gregarious or troops - clusters Picrel found in garden illustrates the cluster type - yet to identify -, they grow out of one base. The gregarious also means growing in group but the stipes have their own origins and they stand a bit further apart, toadstools growin in fairy rings belong here (we call these witch circles, wiches came here to eat fly agaric to fly). Singles are self explanatory.
I look nearly just as young as I did 10 years ago. I just had the idea of visiting my old high school and going inside of the library during lunch time and seeing if anyone would notice that I'm much older than them. R8 my trespassing idea.
This school allows students to drive away to go to lunch, so I would blend in pulling in with my car during lunch time. I just have no idea when lunch begins or ends. Maybe I can meet cute zoomer girls or finally read in a quiet place unlike my house.
>>38810 >0) Verify if neighboring independent powers can launch any offensive and calculate them if possible. How the player picks whom the independent attacks? What prevents a player using the independent to weaken a rival? Well, among us, known posters I assume we could check which is the most feasible avenue of attack for the independent territory, without being (too) partial about it. >everyone has the spreadsheet on hand So we need to make a spreadsheet as well. >Support Attack I guess this order has a prerequisite: an Attack has to go against a neighbouring province they can join in. >The economic output necessary for production must come from territories with a continuous connection through friendly territories to the final territory What if there are several patches of land on the hand of a player? Do everyone has a capital, and only those areas count, which are connected to that? >economic output Is this simply a number which tells us how much unit can be produced on a territory? They just simply add up? Or there's a formula to that? >Transit Rights So this is kind of a diplomacy? Also this is basically for moving units (from the territory they were produced, or stationed)?
>>38946 >How the player picks whom the independent attacks? What prevents a player using the independent to weaken a rival? The player doesn't pick, it follows a strict set of rules, attacking if say, they can afford to outflank by a certain number, >I guess this order has a prerequisite: an Attack has to go against a neighbouring province they can join in. By name, yes, but not necessarily by mechanics. A player may want to make harassing attacks without committing to holding the captured territory, and this would require renaming it. Or leave it as it is, easier to understand and a player may send a single unit to Attack and all else as Support Attack. >Do everyone has a capital, and only those areas count, which are connected to that? No, as: >What if there are several patches of land on the hand of a player? Each produces and distributes units on its own. >Is this simply a number which tells us how much unit can be produced on a territory? They just simply add up? Or there's a formula to that? Simple addition. Risk usually has a bonus if some areas are held in their entirety. Most simply every territory can have the same value, such as 1. Maybe some areas have more, like 3. For balance during pre-game territorial distribution there's a separate randomization for each production value, so each player gets 1 territory with a worth of 3 and 3 with a worth of 1 or something in this line. >So this is kind of a diplomacy? Yes, players will already be informally discussing truces and alliances (neither needs a specific mechanic, it's simply where the players decide to attack) anyway. >Also this is basically for moving units (from the territory they were produced, or stationed)? Yes.